Changes to NFP Reporting Standard Pt. 5

Jill S. G. Palmeter, CPA, Principal (May, 2018)

The next component of the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s ASU 2016-14’s “Presentation of Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit (NFP) Entities” relates to the new expense reporting requirement.  Although not new to Voluntary Health and Welfare Organizations who have been required to present a Statement of Functional Expenses, the new guidance mandates that all NFP organizations present an analysis of expenses by both function and nature in one location.  That location can be either as a separate Statement of Functional Expenses within the financial statements themselves, as a table presented in the footnotes, or the information can even be incorporated into the Statement of Activities.  It is important to note that NFP organizations are now prohibited from presenting this information in a supplementary schedule (Other Financial Information) after the footnotes.  NFPs need to start considering the following:

Natural Expense Classification – A method of grouping expenses according to kinds of economic benefits received in incurring those expenses.  Examples of natural expense classifications include salaries/wages, employee benefits, professional services, supplies, rent, utilities, depreciation, travel, office expenses and property taxes.

Functional Expense Classification – A method of grouping expenses according to the purpose for which costs are incurred.  The primary functional classifications of a NFP entity are usually program services and supporting services.

  • Program Services – activities that result in goods and services being distributed to beneficiaries, customers, or members that fulfill the purposes or mission for which the organization exists.
  • Supporting Activities – all activities of a NFP other than program services:  Management and General, Fundraising, and Membership Development Activities (if applicable).

If they don’t already have them, NFPs need to develop formal allocation methodologies to use in allocating expenses attributable to more than one program or supporting function.  The new guidance requires that a description of the methods used to allocate costs in this manner now be disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.  

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